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content. The Gadaba women used to graze their cattle IE the

forest, and gather firewood for their hearth.

Thus after setting down in Bobbili area, the Gadabas

Ifved prosperously. They had the added advantage of coming

close to the people of the plains who are very civilised and profess

the Hindu religion.

This happy situation caire to an end after Independence.

The Government abolished the Zsnnkdari system. The Govern-

ment acquired                    lands, ?rd rcdistiitctcd them. This

progres&hfe land  rtfcim, urfcrlnrafely, hit id the  Gadabas.

Firstly,                                          So,                      not

Their soiree cf fcccroe, thus,

Secondly, the Rajah ro B" ore required their services as

bearers.   The Gadabas wfcc ^ere [skillful palanquin-bearers

nothing else. They became unemployed persons. They could

not turn to any other cccL-paticn teciise ihey hsd no ether skill.

Thirdly, the forest which hitherto provided cattle feed and firewood

free of charge, csir.e under the Forest Department which

converted it Into a Reserved Forest.

Thus, by the I950*s, the Gadabas of Eaja Cheruvo Valasa

were   deprived of all   s\erues   cf cup!o}ueBt, ard sources of


IB desperation they turned to the forest once again3 in

the hope that it may, as of old. ccme to their succcur and suste-

nance. But the wild animals were driven to denser forests "by the

merciless hunters. The Mohua & Vippa trees whose flowers

farcished .abundant Hquor,-were replaced, in the Reserved forest,

by .other plaatatlons. The hill slopes could not be brought under

pcxlu cultivation as before, There was only one occupation left.

That was collecting firewood and selling it to the towns people.